Relevant Documents


Wireless Gigabit – WiGig (IEEE 802.11ad industry standard) is a technology used to enable a close range wireless connectivity of up to 6.75 Gbps. In order to achieve that, it requires more than 2GHz of IQ modulation bandwidth. WiGig signals are operating at the 60GHz frequency band (57-66GHz) which is regulated slightly different in various parts of the world. 60GHz basically means that this technology is using very short wavelengths (~5mm wavelength), thus cannot go through walls & can only be within an approximated radius of 10meters. Nevertheless, it also mean that antennas are relatively compact to insert in our home/office electronic devices. WiGig allows the use of four wide channels, each channel about 2.16GHz wide, can support OFDM (for longer distances & higher data rates) as well as Single carrier (for low power handheld devices) modulation schemes. With such wide channeling, it enables data rates up to 3 times faster than today’s Wi-Fi speeds.

WiGig devices should also be compatible with other 802.11 WLAN standards. This requires an implementation of so called tri-band devices to operate at the 2.4GHz and 5GHz bands as well.

Together with Wireless charging, WiGig connectivity will become an integral part of our everyday digital life. Increasing number of WiGig devices are already announced and more will emerge in the coming years. It allows fast & remote data sharing with digital devices such as display monitors, audio speakers & wireless docking systems. For example:

  • Wireless Display/Audio - It can enable external devices to remotely connect to your tablet/laptop once you reach home/office, thus making them extensions of your tablet/laptop. You can wirelessly connect any device to a projector without worrying about what type of connector is required.
  • Docking/Download/upload - You can download a movie to your smartphone and later play it on your TV monitor wirelessly with outstanding quality . 
  • Networking/Hotspots – Tri-Band (2.4GHz, 5GHz, 60GHz) wireless access points.



Testing new WiGig devices can be a challenging task, it requires testing tri-band devices which should support signals with 2.4GHz, 5GHz & 60GHz Carriers. Modulation Bandwidths are starting from a few MHz and up to 2GHz. The 802.11ad PHY supports four main signaling implementations:

  • Control – Low throughput used for sending control channel messages.
  • Single Carrier (SC) – Uses single carrier modulation schemes. 
  • Low Power Single Carrier (LPSC) – Uses single carrier in order to minimize the power consumption (for small handheld devices)
  • Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) – Uses multicarrier modulation schemes to provide higher data throughput than single carrier methods.

Several digital modulation schemes are being used allowing a wide range of data rates:


One key element of the WiGig test setup is an Arbitrary Waveform Generator. An AWG is required for the creation of complex modulated wideband signals. Such AWG should be able to generate test signals at baseband, intermediate frequency (IF) & radio frequency (RF), with modulation bandwidths of more than 2GHz and advanced sequence abilities.


  • Error Vector Magnitude (EVM) – This measurement shows the error vector (difference) between an ideal constellation point and the transmitted/received point on the IQ plane:


The impair

ments that may affect the EVM:

  • Phase/Frequency Accuracy
  • Quadrature Error/Quadrature Imbalance
  • DC/Carrier Feedthrough
  • Jitter & noise
  • Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) – This measurement is the ratio between the required signal and the background noise (unwanted signal):


  • Receiver minimum sensitivity – Minimum input signal required to produce a specified SNR at the output port of the receiver.
  • Spectral Mask – The signal’s spectral mask should comply with the following graph:


  • P1dB point – Is a non-linearity test to determine the input signal power that will cause a decrease of 1dB from the expected linear gain plot:





Low frequency signals – for backwards compatibility of WiGig devices, there is a need to create test signals at relative low frequencies. Such baseband signals can be created using waveform creation software (such as MATLAB) and an AWG.

IF & RF Signals – For testing at 60GHz, a Vector Signal Generator (VSG) is being used to create an IF tone. Converting it to the required RF frequency is done using an Up-Converter and a microwave analog signal generator. An AWG will feed differential IQ signals into the IQ inputs of the VSG’s internal modulator. As the modulated data will occupy a bandwidth that will reach up to 2GHz, an AWG with adequate IQ modulation bandwidth is required to produce such signals. IQ impairments, noise or other distortions should be added in order to simulate real world scenarios.



Tabor Electronics SE5082 AWG

The SE5082 - Tabor Electronics High-speed AWG with its 5GS/s sample clock rate and 12-bit vertical resolution, up to 64Mpts of memory per channel, differential/single ended (optional) outputs and advance sequence abilities enables the user to gen

erate I and Q components and even allows direct creation of multiple IF modulated carriers of any modulation scheme. The SE5082 has excellent accuracy and SFDR performance allowing high dynamic range. It comes with one or two independent/synchronized channels with adjustable skew (10ps resolution). Each of the AWG outputs with up to 2.5GHz of bandwidth and up to 5GHz of IQ modulation bandwidth.

  • Tabor Electronics High speed AWGs specifically designed for IQ baseband signal generation, such as the SE5082, combined with an VSG (or other high-quality external modulator), allows for the generation of accurate modulated signals with up to 5 GHz of IQ modulation bandwidth.


  • Tabor Electronics SE5082 AWG with its high sampling rate and excellent SFDR performance can directly generate multiple modulated IF/RF carriers. Two SE5082 units can be synchronized, allowing 4 synchronized channels with up to 2.5GHz of analog bandwidth. 


The new Tabor Electronics Signal-Expert series of Arbitrary Waveform Generators offers the best performance than any other 

unit on the market in its price range, featuring:

  • 5Gs/s, 12 bit dual channel waveform generators
  • Extra wide analog bandwidth of more than 7GHz
  • Extremely fast rise and fall time of under 150ps
  • Multi-Nyquist zone operation capability, up to the 4th Nyquist zone
  • Selectable sampling modes for optimizing performance depending on the required Nyquist zone
  • Independent or synchronized channels with 10ps inter channel skew resolution
  • Up to 64M of waveform memory
  • Various output amplifier modules utilized to solve numerous applications in different domains 
  • Smart trigger enables trigger hold-off, detect, wait, abort and restart
  • Advanced sequencer for step, loop, nest and jumps scenarios
  • Built-in fast dynamic segments and sequences hop control
  • Two programmable markers (positions, width and levels) per channel
  • Multi instrument synchronization


The Signal Expert series of AWGs enables the generation of extremely long scenarios. With a waveform memory of up to 64Mb per channel, with sequence and advance sequence modes, users can define the order and duration of each segment with nesting and looping of stored waveforms. Users can also define when to jump to the following segment with conditional jumping on events.

The Tabor SE5082 is appealing t

o WiGig developers due to its flexibility, excellent low noise performance , controllable channel delay, the ability to control & fine tune the amplitude of each outputted channel and finally the sequencing capabilities that allows individual sequence table per channel.

Pulse sequencing on the Tabor SE5082 can be created using MATLAB, Python, C++, and LABVIEW or by simply using the ArbConnection, which is a custom made remote control software, provided free of charge by Tabor Electronics. 


Companies world-wide have already announced WiGig products and more and more companies are starting development of new devices based on the 802.11ad standard.


For More Information

To learn more about Tabor’s solutions or to schedule a demo, please contact your local Tabor representative or email your request to More information can be found at our website at